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  • Body size, digestive systems shape ungulate foraging
    on July 27, 2021 at 1:48 pm

    Research led by a University of Wyoming graduate student involving about 50 scientists from across the globe has provided new insights into the behavior of ungulates (hoofed animals) as it relates to forage conditions and water availability.

  • High concentrations of ‘forever’ chemicals being released from ice melt into the Arctic Ocean
    on July 27, 2021 at 1:41 pm

    Known as ‘forever’ chemicals due to the fact they do not break down in the environment, poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are used in a wide range of products and processes from fire proofing to stain resistant surfaces.

  • Very-high energy gamma-ray emission detected from blazar TXS 1515–273
    on July 27, 2021 at 1:30 pm

    An international team of astronomers has carried out multi-wavelength observations of a blazar known as TXS 1515–273; they detected very-high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission from this source for the first time. The finding is detailed in a paper published July 20 on arXiv.org.

  • Why beer mats do not fly in a straight line
    on July 27, 2021 at 1:27 pm

    Anyone who has ever failed to throw a beer mat into a hat should take note: physicists at the University of Bonn have discovered why this task is so difficult. However, their study also suggests how to significantly increase accuracy and range. The results are being publishing in the European Physical Journal Plus.

  • More research needed to predict eruption of supervolcanoes
    on July 27, 2021 at 12:58 pm

    Scientists say it is extremely challenging to try and predict when a supervolcano might erupt again due to the sheer diversity of events that have gone before.

  • Engineers may learn from bees for optimal honeycomb designs
    on July 27, 2021 at 12:57 pm

    Perfect hexagonal structures inspired by honeycombs in bee nests are widely used to build everything from airplane wings, boats, and cars, to skis, snowboards, packaging and acoustic dampening materials.

  • First-ever gene expression map of an entire nervous system completed
    on July 27, 2021 at 12:23 pm

    Research Assistant Professor Seth Taylor and Professor David Miller, both in Vanderbilt University’s Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, have established a gene expression atlas for the nervous system of the nematode C. elegans, along with biologists from Colombia University and Yale University.

  • Giant amoeba-infecting viruses rely on DNA-packing proteins
    on July 27, 2021 at 12:22 pm

    For some giant viruses, a DNA-packing trick may be essential for infectivity.

  • On the hunt for ‘hierarchical’ black holes
    on July 27, 2021 at 11:37 am

    Black holes, detected by their gravitational wave signal as they collide with other black holes, could be the product of much earlier parent collisions. Such an event has only been hinted at so far, but scientists at the University of Birmingham in the U.K., and Northwestern University in the U.S., believe we are getting close to tracking down the first of these so-called “hierarchical” black holes.

  • Decoding the secrets of a 310 million-year-old brain
    on July 27, 2021 at 11:36 am

    Unlike bones and shells, which can endure for millions of years, soft tissues are rarely preserved as fossils.

  • Under pressure, ‘squishy’ compound reacts in remarkable ways
    on July 27, 2021 at 8:26 am

    Remarkable things happen when a “squishy” compound of manganese and sulfide (MnS2) is compressed in a diamond anvil, say researchers from the University of Rochester and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV).

  • Astronomers show how planets form in binary systems without getting crushed
    on July 27, 2021 at 8:14 am

    Astronomers have developed the most realistic model to date of planet formation in binary star systems.

  • Lack of species depth threatens mangroves
    on July 27, 2021 at 8:12 am

    Marine ecologists have revealed mangroves might be threatened by a limited number of crustaceans, molluscs and other invertebrates for each ecological role.

  • ‘Talking drum’ shown to accurately mimic speech patterns of west African language
    on July 27, 2021 at 7:40 am

    Musicians such as Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton are considered virtuosos, guitarists who could make their instruments sing. Drummers in west Africa who play hourglass-shaped percussion instruments called dùndúns can make their instrument not only sing, but talk. New research published in the journal Frontiers in Communication is one of the first to show the high degree of acoustic correlation between these talking drums and the spoken Yorùbá language.

  • Bezos offers NASA a $2 billion discount for Blue Origin Moon lander
    on July 27, 2021 at 7:24 am

    Blue Origin owner Jeff Bezos wrote an open letter to NASA on Monday offering a $2 billion discount to allow his company to build a Moon lander.

  • Fermi spots a supernova’s ‘fizzled’ gamma-ray burst
    on July 26, 2021 at 8:27 pm

    On Aug. 26, 2020, NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope detected a pulse of high-energy radiation that had been racing toward Earth for nearly half the present age of the universe. Lasting only about a second, it turned out to be one for the record books—the shortest gamma-ray burst (GRB) caused by the death of a massive star ever seen.

  • Astronomers seek evidence of tech built by aliens
    on July 26, 2021 at 8:06 pm

    An international team of scientists led by a prominent Harvard astronomer announced a new initiative Monday to look for evidence of technology built by extraterrestrial civilizations.

  • What happens to marine life when oxygen is scarce?
    on July 26, 2021 at 8:04 pm

    In September 2017, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution postdoctoral scholar Maggie Johnson was conducting an experiment with a colleague in Bocas del Toro off the Caribbean coast of Panama. After sitting on a quiet, warm open ocean, they snorkeled down to find a peculiar layer of murky, foul-smelling water about 10 feet below the surface, with brittle stars and sea urchins, which are usually in hiding, perching on the tops of coral.

  • Through the thin-film glass, researchers spot a new liquid phase
    on July 26, 2021 at 7:00 pm

    Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences describes a new type of liquid in thin films, which forms a high-density glass. Results generated in this study, conducted by researchers in Penn’s Department of Chemistry, demonstrate how these glasses and other similar materials can be fabricated to be denser and more stable, providing a framework for developing new applications and devices through better design.

  • ATLAS reports first observation of WWW production
    on July 26, 2021 at 6:44 pm

    The ATLAS Collaboration at CERN announces the first observation of “WWW production”: The simultaneous creation of three massive W bosons in high-energy Large Hadron Collider (LHC) collisions.

  • Researchers demonstrate technique for recycling nanowires in electronics
    on July 26, 2021 at 6:42 pm

    Researchers at North Carolina State University have demonstrated a low-cost technique for retrieving nanowires from electronic devices that have reached the end of their utility, and then using those nanowires in new devices. The work is a step toward more sustainable electronics.

  • India’s poor face outsized air pollution death risk
    on July 26, 2021 at 6:37 pm

    The poorest 10 percent of Indians face a risk of dying from air pollution that is nine times higher than for the richest 10 percent, according to research released Monday.

  • Record-shattering heatwaves caused by pace of warming: study
    on July 26, 2021 at 6:35 pm

    Heatwaves that obliterate temperature records as in western Canada last month and Siberia last year are caused by the rapid pace, rather than the amount, of global warming, researchers said Monday.

  • Large meteor lights up skies in Norway
    on July 26, 2021 at 6:25 pm

    Norwegian experts say an unusually large meteor was visible over large parts of southern Scandinavia and illuminated southeast Norway with a powerful flash of light for a few seconds as many observers were reported to also hear a roaring sound afterwards.

  • Now in 3D: Deep learning techniques help visualize X-ray data in three dimensions
    on July 26, 2021 at 6:13 pm

    Computers have been able to quickly process 2D images for some time. Your cell phone can snap digital photographs and manipulate them in a number of ways. Much more difficult, however, is processing an image in three dimensions, and doing it in a timely manner. The mathematics are more complex, and crunching those numbers, even on a supercomputer, takes time.

  • Exploring the advantages of defects in laser-manufactured materials
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:56 pm

    Metal additive manufacturing (AM) promises to revolutionize the way we produce and use certain parts. Reducing material waste and labor time, metal AM simplifies the steps for creating complex geometry parts when compared to conventional manufacturing methods.

  • Hubble finds first evidence of water vapor on Jupiter’s moon Ganymede
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:53 pm

    For the first time, astronomers have uncovered evidence of water vapor in the atmosphere of Jupiter’s moon Ganymede. This water vapor forms when ice from the moon’s surface sublimates—that is, turns from solid to gas.

  • Scientists discover how high-energy electrons strengthen magnetic fields
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:43 pm

    More than 99% of the visible universe exists in a superheated state known as plasma—an ionized gas of electrons and ions. The motion of these charged particles produces magnetic fields that form an interstellar magnetic web. These magnetic fields are important for a wide range of processes, from the shaping of galaxies and the formation of stars to controlling the motion and acceleration of high-energy particles like cosmic rays—protons and electrons that zoom through the universe at nearly the speed of light.

  • How crushed rocks can help capture carbon dioxide
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:43 pm

    IIASA researchers and international colleagues explored the potential of using finely ground rock to help with the removal of CO2 from the atmosphere on the road to achieving net-zero emissions and keeping global warming below 1.5°C.

  • New methane concentration technologies for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:42 pm

    Methane concentrations in the atmosphere have more than doubled over the last 150 years and mitigation of methane emissions will play a vital role in enabling climate change mitigation strategies. Understanding current and future methane inventories at a regional scale will be a key element in developing and implementing successful solutions. Current regional scale isotopic methane data is not available at a high enough frequency to enable comparison to the models that are used to derive national emission estimates. In order to improve these current data sets, more in-situ measurements of methane isotopic data are required and current techniques do not provide the required sensitivity and frequency.